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Ohio Utica Shale

Ohio approves two forced pooling requests in Trumbull County

By Bob Downing Published: April 24, 2013

From the Marcellus Drilling News:

The Ohio Dept. of Natural Resources (ODNR) recently issued two new “unitization” (or forced pooling) orders, bringing the total number of unitizations to four that they’ve issued in the Utica Shale. Both of the new orders were issued on behalf of BP and both were in Trumbull County. Here’s the details of the two orders, including how much the reluctant landowners were awarded as a bonus and how much they’ll make in royalties:


On March 28, the Chief of the Division of Oil and Gas Resources Management (DOGRM — the oil and gas wing of ODNR) issued two orders to BP America Production Company (BP): the Lennington Unit and the Zerovich Unit.

The Lennington Unit: 500.13 acres/ 38 tracts / Trumbull County

In granting an order for the Lennington Unit, DOGRM encountered a new situation. BP had successfully negotiated lease agreements with owners of 30 tracts within the proposed unit comprising 93% of the total acreage in the unit. But unlike prior orders granted to Chesapeake (Rufener and Colescott South), the other eight tracts in the Lennington unit are already leased by operators, specifically EnerVest and Braxton Acquisitions, LLC. BP was unable to secure a joint operating agreement with the other operators so it applied to unitize their mineral rights in the Lennington Unit. In forming the unit, DOGRM forced the already leased tracts to take a working interest in the proposed unit, calling them “uncommitted working interest owners.”

The Lennington Order requires the uncommitted working interest owners to share in all charges, credits, and expenses for wells, tanks, pumps, machinery, materials, equipment and all other unit operation expenses. If those uncommitted working interest owners do not contribute their share, BP is required to carry them but may assess a risk penalty of 300% of such costs before distributing their working interest payments.

(Order for Unit Operations of the Utica/Point Pleasant Formations for the Lennington Unit, Trumbull County, Ohio. Order No. 2013-10, March 28, 2013.)

The Zerovich Unit: 653.78 acres / 61 tracts / Trumbull County

The Zerovich Unit is a hybrid order: part unleased mineral owners, part uncommitted working interest owners. The uncommitted working interest owners — Halcon and Blackridge — were given the same terms as in the Lennington Unit. Specifically, they are joined as working interest owners in the unit, and subject to a 300% risk penalty if they do not pay their share of expenses.

The unleased mineral owners were awarded royalty interest payments of 15% of gross income, and a 85% share of net production revenue. The net production revenue will begin to pay out only after BP recovers 300% of the costs for the first well and any subsequent wells.

Interestingly, DOGRM also required BP to pay the unleased mineral owners a one-time payment (similar to a signing bonus for a lease) of $2,000 per acre. This marks the first time the DOGRM has found circumstances that warranted payment of a “bonus payment” in conjunction with a unitization order. Time will tell whether this will become customary or if it will be reserved for unusual circumstances.

(Order for Unit Operations of the Utica/Point Pleasant Formations for the Zerovich Unit, Trumbull County, Ohio. Order No. 2013-11, March 28, 2013.)

These recent orders differ from prior orders in two notable ways. First, the risk penalty is increased to 300%. In previous orders, DOGRM established a risk penalty for nonparticipating unleased mineral owners of 200% for the first well and 150% of subsequent wells. Second, the royalty awarded to unleased mineral owners is increased to 15%. Prior orders awarded the unleased mineral owners 12.5% royalty interest.*

*Oil & Gas Law Report (Apr 22, 2013) – ODNR Issues Two More Unitization Orders for Horizontal Utica Shale Wells



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Utica and Marcellus shale web sites

Ohio Department of Natural Resources' Division of Oil and Gas Resources Management State agency Web site.

ODNR Division of Oil and Gas Resources Management. State drilling permits. List is updated weekly.

ODNR Division of Geological Survey.

Ohio Environmental Protection Agency.

Ohio State University Extension.

Ohio Farm Bureau.

Ohio Oil and Gas Association, a Granville-based group that represents 1,500 Ohio energy-related companies.

Ohio Oil & Gas Energy Education Program.

Energy In Depth, a trade group.

Marcellus and Utica Shale Resource Center by Ohio law firm Bricker & Eckler.

Utica Shale, a compilation of Utica shale activities.

Landman Report Card, a site that looks at companies involved in gas and oil leases.FracFocus, a compilation of chemicals used in fracking individual wells as reported voluntarily by some drillers.

Chesapeake Energy Corp,the Oklahoma-based firm is the No. 1 driller in Ohio.

Rig Count Interactive Map by Baker Hughes, an energy services company.

Shale Sheet Fracking, a Youngstown Vindicator blog.

National Geographic's The Great Shale Rush.

The Ohio Environmental Council, a statewide eco-group based in Columbus.

Buckeye Forest Council.

Earthjustice, a national eco-group.

Stop Fracking Ohio.

People's Oil and Gas Collaborative-Ohio, a grass-roots group in Northeast Ohio.

Concerned Citizens of Medina County, a grass-roots group.

No Frack Ohio, a Columbus-based grass-roots group.

Fracking: Gas Drilling's Environmental Threat by ProPublica, an online journalism site.

Penn State Marcellus Center.

Pipeline, blog from Pittsburgh Post-Gazette on Marcellus shale drilling.

Allegheny Front, environmental public radio for Western Pennsylvania.