From Policy Matters Ohio on Thursday:
April 10th, 2014
Shale development is changing the economy, environment and culture of Carroll County, Ohio, and other communities around the state, according to a study released today by Policy Matters.
“It’s a complicated story,” said Amanda Woodrum, report author and Policy Matters researcher. “Whether fracking ultimately helps or hurts the local economy will depend on whether the money stays local, where the gas is refined, who gets the jobs and business, and what the costs are to the community, the environment and public health.”
The study found that:
“Overall, the economic benefits of fracking fall far short of what was promised and come with costs to safety, the environment and the community,” said Woodrum.
The report recommends a stronger severance tax, in keeping with that of other drilling states. “Ohio should increase its severance tax to 5 percent and use the revenue for industry oversight and regulation, and for covering community costs,” said Woodrum.
Other recommendations outlined in the report include putting in place additional taxation with revenues set aside in Ohio’s Advanced Energy Fund; forming local taskforces to identify issues, consider solutions, and open dialogue; better state monitoring of water quality and other environmental health issues; new pollution control requirements; and policies to require local hiring for fracking-related jobs and provision of health insurance. “Ohio should also diversify our energy portfolio to be less reliant on fossil fuels in the future,” said Woodrum.
The Carroll County study is part of a larger effort by the Multi-State Shale Collaborative, of which Policy Matters is a member. Other Collaborative members examined the impact of shale drilling in Greene and Tioga counties in Pennsylvania and Wetzel County in West Virginia.
Chesapeake Energy Corp,the Oklahoma-based firm is the No. 1 driller in Ohio.
Rig Count Interactive Map by Baker Hughes, an energy services company.
Shale Sheet Fracking, a Youngstown Vindicator blog.
The Ohio Environmental Council, a statewide eco-group based in Columbus.
Earthjustice, a national eco-group.
People's Oil and Gas Collaborative-Ohio, a grass-roots group in Northeast Ohio.
Concerned Citizens of Medina County, a grass-roots group.
No Frack Ohio, a Columbus-based grass-roots group.
Fracking: Gas Drilling's Environmental Threat by ProPublica, an online journalism site.
Pipeline, blog from Pittsburgh Post-Gazette on Marcellus shale drilling.
Allegheny Front, environmental public radio for Western Pennsylvania.