Note: Rolling figures above represent moving 12-month averages to compensate for seasonality. Coal represents gross inland consumption of hard coal, lignite, and peat. Coal consumption figures for Switzerland were unavailable and are not reflected in the OECD-Europe total.
In contrast to the United States, natural gas consumption in OECD-Europe has been generally declining since 2011, and coal consumption has been generally increasing. A confluence of supply and demand factors, in both the natural gas and coal markets, as well as other economic constraints, have contributed to this phenomenon.