In a new national report out today from the Data Quality Campaign on how well states collect data to track student achievement from grade to grade all the way from early childhood through college, Ohio has developed 9 out of 10 "Essential Elements of a robust longitudinal data system." One more than Pennsylvania and Indiana, one less than Kentucky.
Like most states, however, Ohio doesn't have a data system that allows two-way communication between the K-12 system and the college/university system.
Such a system, according to the report, could determine how many Ohio students enrolled in college within 15 months of high school graduation, how many need remedial classes in college to learn something they should have learned in high school and how many students scored proficient on Ohio state tests, but still needed remedial classes in college. More on what that system would look like after the jump
The ability to match student records between the P-12 and higher education systems
As states and school systems work to align expectations in high school with the demands of postsecondary education, they need better data on student success when they leave the P-12 system and enter college. Most states today do not have data systems that enable this two-way communication. With the ability to match student records between P-12 and higher education systems, policymakers and educators would know:
- The percentage of each district's high school graduates who enrolled in college within 15 months after graduation.
- The percentage of last year's graduates from each high school or school district who needed remediation in college and how these percentages varied by student income and ethnicity.
- The percentage of students who met the proficiency standard on the state high school test and still needed remediation in the same subject in college.
- How the students' ability to stay in and complete college is related to their high school courses, grades and test scores.