By Isaac Arnsdorf
and Elizabeth Campbell
With bacon gracing everything from muffins to milkshakes, U.S. prices are poised to retreat from an all-time high as the fad wanes and pork supply rebounds after last year’s historic drought.
Retail bacon jumped 23 percent to $5.708 a pound this year, the highest since at least 1980, government data show.
Pork bellies, cured and sliced to make bacon, account for a record share of the value of a hog as demand growth outpaced other cuts, according to the National Pork Board.
Production shrank this year after last season’s drought, the worst since the 1930s, increased costs for corn, the main feed grain.
That’s reversing as this year’s 38 percent plunge in corn prices returns pig farmers to profit, sends hog weights to an all-time high and pork output to a record in 2014.
Pork-belly prices plunged 23 percent since the end of September, and hog futures will fall 14 percent next year to the lowest since October 2012, according to the median of seven analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg. That may help ease prices for bacon, which is appearing on more menus even as chefs say the trend is fading.
“There’s been this explosion of bacon in all kinds of different uses, ice cream and all kinds of things, and that certainly has helped demand,” said Steve Meyer, the president of Paragon Economics Inc. in Adel, Iowa. “The price is going to moderate some because we will raise more pigs.”
Lean-hog futures rose 2.7 percent to 88.075 cents a pound this year on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, heading for a sixth consecutive annual gain, the longest rally since at least 1986. Prices may fall to 76 cents a pound in 2014, according to the median forecast in the Bloomberg survey.
Hogs are the sixth-biggest gainer in the Standard & Poor’s GSCI gauge of 24 commodities, which fell 2.9 percent this year. The MSCI All-Country Index of equities rose 16 percent, while the Bloomberg Dollar Index, a gauge against 10 major trading partners, climbed 3 percent. The Bloomberg Treasury Bond Index lost 2.7 percent.
A&W Restaurants Inc. says it was the first chain to serve a bacon cheeseburger in 1963. In the past two decades, fast-food restaurants started adding more items with bacon in their menus and frozen, pre-cooked bacon made it easier to eat at home. In America, 44 percent of people eat bacon in a two-week period, compared with 38 percent 13 years ago, according to NPD Group, an industry consultant.
Denny’s, which operates more than 1,680 restaurants, reprised its 2011 “Baconalia!” menu in March with 12 items including BBQ Bacon Mac ’n Cheese Bites and Caramel Bacon Stuffed French Toast.
Wendy’s started selling the Bacon Portabella Melt on Brioche in November.
McDonald’s last month added three $2 sandwiches with bacon.
Barley & Grain in New York offers a Bacon Manhattan, while Double Down Saloon in Las Vegas serves a Bacon Martini.
Traditionally cheaper than other cuts, bacon caught up with pork chops in 2007 and became more expensive in 2010, according to Ronald Plain, a professor of agricultural economics at the University of Missouri.
“Bacon has become more popular than other cuts, but hogs are not producing more bacon than they ever did, and so the price has gone up dramatically,” Plain said. “Food fads come and food fads go. History says, at some point in time, this will go away.”
Fine dining has embraced bacon as well, often artisanal varieties. Bacon has become something chefs are expected to put on the plate to add value, said Clark Wolf, a New York-based restaurant consultant who has advised hotel companies, casinos, arts institutions and universities.
This year, 67.5 percent of restaurants have at least one menu item with bacon, compared with 67.4 percent in 2012 and 67.0 percent in 2011, according to Datassential, a Chicago-based company that tracks menu trends. Popularity at quick-service restaurants fell 1 percentage point to 65.4 percent since 2009, compared with a 2.1 point drop to 75.4 percent at fine-dining establishments, data show.
While bacon sales at U.S. supermarkets, drugstores and other retailers rose 5.8 percent to $3.84 billion in the 52-week period ending Nov. 3, the number of units declined 2.7 percent, according to data from IRI, a Chicago-based market research company.
U.S. stockpiles of pork bellies totaled 27.429 million pounds as of Oct. 31, 47 percent more than a year earlier, according to USDA data.
Producers who didn’t use hedging strategies turned profitable in June of this year, according to data from Iowa State University.