By Marcia Dunn
CAPE CANAVERAL, FLA.: A strong solar storm is interfering with the latest grocery run to the International Space Station.
On the bright side, the orbiting lab has won a four-year extension, pushing its projected end-of-lifetime to at least 2024.
“This is a big plus for us,” said NASA’s human exploration chief, Bill Gerstenmaier.
On Wednesday, Orbital Sciences Corp. delayed its space station delivery mission for the third time.
Another launch attempt will be made today.
The company’s unmanned rocket, the Antares, was set to blast off from Wallops Island, Va., with a capsule full of supplies and science experiments, including ants for an educational project. But several hours before Wednesday afternoon’s planned flight, company officials took the unusual step of postponing the launch for fear that solar radiation could doom the rocket.
Orbital Sciences’ chief technical officer, Antonio Elias, said solar particles might interfere with electronics equipment in the rocket, and lead to a launch failure.
After evaluating the situation all day Wednesday, Orbital Sciences decided to aim for today at 1:07 p.m. EST.
The solar flare peaked Tuesday afternoon and more activity was expected, but the company determined that the space weather was within acceptable risk levels. The sun is at the peak of a weak 11-year storm cycle.
Although the solar storm barely rated moderate, some passenger jets were being diverted from the poles to avoid potential communication and health issues. GPS devices also were at risk.
But the six men aboard the space station were safe from the solar fallout, NASA said, and satellites also faced no threat. The Cygnus cargo ship aboard the rocket, for example, is built to withstand radiation from solar flare-ups.
The storm also will push the colorful northern lights farther south than usual to the northern United States.
The Cygnus was supposed to fly in December, but a breakdown in the space station’s cooling system required repairs by spacewalking astronauts. The repair job, which was completed on Christmas Eve, bumped the supply mission to this week. Then frigid temperatures forced a launch delay from Tuesday to Wednesday. Then came the sun — at full force.
NASA is using two private companies — Orbital Sciences and the California-based SpaceX — to keep the space station stocked. The space agency turned to private industry for help after the space shuttle program ended.