Caddyshack. National Lampoon’s Animal House. Ghostbusters. Groundhog Day. Stripes.
Those titles are some of the most beloved and widely quoted comedy classics of the last 30 years. They’re also Harold Ramis’ filmography.
Ramis, the writer-director-actor who quietly and often off-screen created an unparalleled and hugely influential body of laughs, died Monday. He was 69.
He suffered for several years from an autoimmune disease that caused inflammation and damage to his blood vessels, and died at his home in the Chicago suburbs, surrounded by family and friends, his talent agency said.
His death rattled a modern comedy world Ramis helped build. His legacy as a father figure to generations of comedians was appropriately captured in Judd Apatow’s Knocked Up, in which Ramis was cast as Seth Rogen’s father, he said, “because we all saw him as the dream dad.”
“Harold Ramis made almost every movie which made me want to become a comedy director,” Apatow said. “These films are the touchstones of our lives.”
Chevy Chase, whom Ramis directed in Caddyshack and National Lampoon’s Vacation, called him “a great man who shunned unnecessary Hollywood-type publicity.”
“It was Harold who acted out and gave me the inspiration for the character of Clark Griswold,” Chase said Monday. “I was really copying Harold’s impression of Clark.”
Admittedly lacking the dashing leading-man looks of some of his peers, Ramis was memorably nebbish: curly haired, gangly and bespectacled. He played Ghostbuster scientist Egon Spengler (naturally, the one with all the ideas), and Bill Murray’s Army recruit buddy in Stripes.
But Ramis, a Chicago native and early member of the improv comedy troupe Second City, was a far larger force behind the camera. He co-wrote and directed Caddyshack, Groundhog Day, and Analyze This. He also helped pen Meatballs, Stripes and Ghostbusters.
Ramis could be reasonably credited with making more people roll in the aisles from the late ’70s to the early ’90s than most anyone else. Murray, Ramis’ frequent collaborator, said in a statement: “He earned his place on this planet.”
With a baby boomer antiestablishment bent, Ramis — who escaped Vietnam service, he claimed, by checking every box on the medical-history form — pushed against institutions: the college dean of Animal House, the country club members of Caddyshack, the drill sergeant of Stripes.
He was known to have a spiritual pull, on full display in the wry but earnest existentialism of Groundhog Day (1993), in which Murray re-lives a day until he finally gets it right. His Ghostbusters co-star and Second City mate Dan Aykroyd said: “May he now get the answers he was always seeking.”
The son of Chicago shopkeepers, Ramis was born Nov. 21, 1944, in Chicago. After graduating from Washington University in St. Louis, he briefly worked in a mental institution. He often said, seriously, that the experience helped prepare him for working with actors.
Ramis would help recalibrate the epicenter of American comedy at Second City, which he joined in 1969. He was soon followed by many of his later collaborators: John Belushi (Animal House), Murray and Akroyd. In 1976, he became head writer for the Canadian-based comedy show Second City Television, or SCTV.
Chicago, he later said in the book of interviews And Here’s the Kicker, conditioned him to living “slightly on the outside of the mainstream.”
“New York and L.A. were the real centers of culture in America, and we were kind of a sideshow,” said Ramis. “There’s always more comedy in being alienated than in fitting in.”
Ramis is survived by his wife, Erica Ramis; sons Julian and Daniel; daughter Violet; and two grandchildren.