BRUSSELS: European Union leaders Friday drew up new plans to screen migrants in North Africa for eligibility to enter Europe, saying they set aside major differences over stemming the flow of people seeking sanctuary or better lives. But the show of unity did little to hide the fact that the hardest work still lies ahead.

Even as they met in Brussels for a second day, Libya’s coast guard said about 100 people were missing and feared dead after their boat capsized in the Mediterranean.

The leaders agreed on a “new approach” to manage those rescued at sea, just as bickering over who should take responsibility for them undermines unity and threatens cross-border business and travel in Europe.

Italy, Greece and Spain bear responsibility for accepting most of the migrants and have felt abandoned by their EU partners. Italy, with a new anti-European government, has refused to take charge of people rescued at sea in recent weeks, sparking a diplomatic dispute with France and Malta. In Germany, Chancellor Angela Merkel’s coalition partner is demanding she take a tougher line on migrants, undermining her leadership.

The new plan is to receive people from rescue ships in EU nations that agree to share responsibility for handing migration with the EU’s main point-of-entry countries like Spain, Italy and Greece. But they also will receive them in centers in North Africa and possibly the Balkans.

“A complete approach was adopted,” French President Emmanuel Macron told reporters after a night of haggling and delays to address demands from Italy that its views be incorporated in the final summit statement.

“We are protecting better. We are cooperating more. And we are reaffirming our principles. All hastily made solutions, be they solely national ones or a betrayal of our values that consists in pushing people off to third countries, were clearly set aside,” Macron said.

Even new Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, whose populist government has rocked the EU’s political landscape, said: “On the whole, we can say we are satisfied.

“Italy is no longer alone, as we requested.”

That said, the Czech Republic and Austria have no intention of opening migrant centers.

“Why should there be centers? Center should be outside of Europe. Ellis Island, yes? And the Australian model, very simple. We have to execute this,” Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis said.

The “disembarkation platforms” are a logical extension of the EU’s migrant deal with Turkey. Turkey was paid over 3 billion euros in refugee aid to stop people leaving for the Greek islands. The numbers have dropped by about 96 percent, compared with 2015 when well over 1 million people entered Europe, most fleeing Syria and Iraq.

Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Niger and Tunisia are touted as possible locations, even though details of the plans are sketchy. Morocco already has refused, and none of those listed has volunteered to take part.

The EU’s executive Commission now must draft something more concrete in coordination with the U.N.’s refugee agency and its International Organization for Migration, which would prefer to operate in European migration centers only.

On Friday, the U.N. migration agency snubbed the Trump administration’s candidate to lead it, a major blow to the U.S. and only the second time that it won’t be run by an American since 1951.

Ex-EU commissioner Antonio Vitorino, of Portugal, won a race to be the next director-general.