Mark Z. Barabak
Los Angeles Times
MINGO JUNCTION: Hope has been absent for so long from Appalachian Ohio that many people have forgotten what it’s like.
Idle steel mills run the length of several city blocks, empty and rusting on the thickly wooded banks of the Ohio River, like hulking tombstones for the past and the promise that died with it.
What optimism exists has little, if any, connection to the presidential campaign which, for all its import, feels distant and somehow beside the point.
James Rogers worked happily in the mills for 23 years, until he was laid off in 2009. He is studying to be a nurse; a job, true, but one he doesn’t really want.
Still, at 44 he has a mortgage, a home deep under water and two kids to put through college. He figures health care offers his best shot at a reliable paycheck.
With the coal mines giving out and the steel business decimated — about 1,500 people work in the few surviving mills, compared to 30,000 at the peak — the medical industry is by far the largest employer in Jefferson County. Young people there tend to escape if they can, leaving the frail and aging behind.
To Rogers, it doesn’t matter who wins the White House in November. He’s a Democrat and supports President Barack Obama but doubts much would change in a second term. “We elect this guy and all they do is bicker,” said Rogers, still big and burly from his days manning a blast furnace. “Nobody will do this, nobody will do that, it’s all partisan [bull] and what did we do? We lost four years.”
That utter lack of enthusiasm, shot through with anger and cynicism, is shared by many in rural Ohio, a target state for both sides in November. Timothy Bower, 30, runs Mama G’s pizza place, a few miles up the river in Toronto. Rolling and slicing a mound of dough, he described Mitt Romney, the likely Republican nominee, as a “typical empty suit. I don’t believe a word he says.”
Still, Romney has this going for him: He’s not Obama. The president frightens Bower with his expansive health-care overhaul, his rhetorical shots at the rich and the red ink that has gushed over the past three years. More frightening still, Bowers said, is the prospect of Obama spared future elections and thus free to push even more radical policies.
So “unless a story comes up, something crazy he’s done in the past,” the libertarian-leaning Republican said resignedly, “I’m going to have to vote” for Romney.
White, working-class voters like Bower and Rogers are vital to the hopes of the presidential candidates, not just in Ohio but across other battleground state like Iowa, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania. Yet for different reasons, Romney and the president have struggled to win their support.
Disconnect with low income
Four years ago, blue-collar voters strongly favored Hillary Rodham Clinton over Obama in the Democratic primaries, and a majority of the white working class backed Republican John McCain in the general election.
This year, Romney has emerged as the presumptive GOP nominee despite resistance from voters low on the income ladder. He eked out a victory in Ohio’s March 6 primary, but lost badly to former Pennsylvania Sen. Rick Santorum in the Appalachian part of the state. The margin was nearly 40 points in Jefferson County.
Conversations with dozens of voters suggest why Romney and Obama have failed to connect and why, for many, the choice of candidates is like picking between bad and worse.
Romney’s wealth came up repeatedly, even among Republicans like George Wilson, 76, a retired Marine sergeant, who plans to vote for the former Massachusetts governor simply to be rid of Obama.
“Mitt Romney seems to have a problem relating to people when he talks about his wife driving two Cadillacs,” said Wilson, pausing outside the courthouse in downtown Steubenville. “You don’t say things like that to somebody that probably doesn’t have a second car and is trying to keep the first one running.”
Margaret Morrison, a nurse in her 60s, is still getting to know Romney but doubts he has ever “been down to the level of the majority of people” in the Ohio River Valley.
“I may be wrong, but I don’t think he’s had to deal with the fact that he’s lost his job, or had to scramble to get health care for his family because he’s been laid off and comes to the end of his benefits,” said Morrison, a Republican. She probably won’t vote for Obama, but isn’t sold on Romney, either.
New technology — the process known as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking — has opened up huge pockets of natural gas in the Appalachian region, offering the prospect of economic revival and, potentially, tens of thousands of jobs.
Romney has assailed Obama as an impediment to that development, an attack echoed by Republican Bill Johnson, the area’s freshman congressman. “What we know for sure is what’s happening in Ohio is happening in spite of President Obama and his policies, not because of them,” said Johnson, who defeated a two-term Democrat in 2010 by tying him to the administration.
Obama barely won Democratic-leaning Jefferson County in 2008, underperforming the party’s last two nominees — John Kerry and Al Gore — even though he carried Ohio and they both lost the state.
The population is more than 90 percent white and, although no one said flat-out that they disliked Obama because he is black, there were cutting references to his Kenyan heritage.
Most of the discontent stemmed from unhappiness over the touch-and-go economy and a feeling that Obama failed to deliver on the promises that got him elected. Unemployment was 10.6 percent in Jefferson County in February, the most recent month surveyed, compared to 8.3 percent nationally and 7.6 percent statewide.
Joseph Lastivka, 55, a Democrat turned independent, voted for Obama the first time he ran, “hoping for change.” He has done better than many in the region, working as a maintenance man for the Catholic diocese in Steubenville for 26 years and keeping his job throughout the recession.
But there’s no missing the signs of economic hardship all around — and Lastivka doesn’t sense that things are getting better. The good-paying jobs that lifted generations of rural Ohioans into the middle class have gone overseas. Gas prices have risen, and so have the deductibles and co-payments for medical coverage.
Despite what they say in their campaigns, Lastivka said, he is skeptical Romney and Obama “can relate to somebody like Joe Schmoe down the street, that has to work two or three jobs for a living.” He’s not sure which candidate, if either, he’ll support.
During visits to Ohio, Obama and his surrogates have touted the rescue of the auto industry, strong gains in manufacturing and support for community colleges and other sources of worker retraining. Former Gov. Ted Strickland, a Democrat and native of the region, also plans to talk a lot about Romney’s wealth and the disconnect he sees with the lives of average voters.
“There’s not a lot of people in Steubenville building elevators for their cars,” Strickland said dryly, referring to plans for Romney’s expansive La Jolla mansion.