From the Marcellus Drilling News on Wednesday:

The Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) and the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) today released a draft report describing best practices for drilling and production that should be required if horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing for natural gas is permitted in the Marcellus shale in Maryland. The draft report, which was prepared in consultation with an advisory commission, includes recommendations to protect public health and safety, natural resources and the environment.

The draft report has been posted on MDE’s website. The Departments will present an overview of the draft report at a public informational meeting at 7 p.m. July 9 in the auditorium of Garrett College. A copy of the draft report will also be sent to the Ruth Enlow Library in Oakland and the Allegany County Library in Frostburg.

Comments on the draft report can be submitted by email to or by mail to: Brigid E. Kenney, Senior Policy Advisor, Maryland Department of the Environment, 1800 Washington Blvd., Baltimore, MD 21230.

Comments must be submitted by August 9, 2013. A final report will be released after all the comments have been considered. When the report is final, the best practices will be incorporated into new, stringent regulations to apply to shale gas development if it is permitted in Maryland.

The report was required under Governor Martin O’Malley’s June 2011 Executive Order. The Executive Order established the Marcellus Shale Safe Drilling Initiative to examine the facts and science to determine whether and how hydraulic fracturing can be done safely in Maryland. No decision has been made on whether such drilling will be permitted. The third and final report under the Initiative is due in August 2014.

The report on best practices recommends mandatory standards, including:

Comprehensive gas drilling plans to minimize the amount of surface disturbance

A prohibition against well pads in certain sensitive areas

Set-backs from property lines, buildings, cultural and historical sites, state and federal parks, trails, wildlife management areas, wild and scenic rivers, scenic byways, drinking water wells and surface intakes for drinking water

Use of tanks with secondary containment for all cuttings, returned drilling mud, flow back and produced water

Recycling of flow back and produced water to the maximum extent practicable

Use of ponds only for fresh, uncontaminated water

Measures to control air emissions, noise and light pollution

A methane leak detection and repair program from wellhead to transmission line

Spill prevention control and countermeasures and emergency response plans

Monitoring, record keeping and reporting, including monitoring of the air and water

Site closure and reclamation

In preparation for this report, MDE engaged Keith Eshleman, Ph.D., of the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science – Appalachian Laboratory, to survey best practices recommended or employed in other states and provide recommendations suitable for Maryland. In general, the Departments accepted Dr. Eshleman’s recommendations, but they also have added and strengthened protections.

Maryland has issued no drilling permits for the Marcellus shale in the State. Applications for seven wells were submitted, but all have been withdrawn or placed in inactive status.



(1) Maryland Dept. of the Environment (Jun 25, 2013) - Recommended Practices for Marcellus Shale Drilling Released for Public Comment