Note: This is a primer on how to get the Standard Choice Offer (SCO) for natural gas and other helpful information, including how to choose an electricity provider. The information is all accurate and the SCO pricing is updated monthly. To bookmark this URL to see monthly updates, use https://tinyurl.com/updateSCO (link updated 4-15-19)
This column should give you all of the information you need to know (and maybe more than you care to know!) about how to save money on natural gas.
For some time, I have recommended the Standard Choice Offer (SCO), or monthly variable price through approved-Dominion providers. While it does go up and down, the SCO has consistently been beating fixed prices offered by competitors and most community aggregations. (Note: If you are in a NOPEC community, read the information below.)
Prices for some time have been at historic or near historic lows and the forecasts are that they will continue to stay low.
Also, because it’s based on a state-approved formula, the SCO is transparent, unlike marketers’ variable prices.
That formula is set each year during a competitive auction in February. That auction determines the “adder” price for one year. The SCO is based on the New York Mercantile Exchange price on the third to last day in the previous month, plus the "adder," which is generally anything from a few cents to a few dollars.
That new formula goes into effect with April/May bills, depending on your billing cycle.
The new “adder” after April 2019 is 22 cents per thousand cubic feet (mcf), up 15 cents from 7 cents/mcf.
While it is a little higher than last year and previous years, let’s put it in perspective. I looked back to 2008 and the adder was $2.33. That was the high. It has been steadily coming down, for a few years it was in the $1 range and even negative or close to wholesale in recent years.
It’s still pretty cheap. Even with a 15 cent bump, the average residential household uses 100 mcf a year, so that’s $15 a year.
So while we may see a slight increase in the SCO, I am still comfortable with the SCO and it is still better than many fixed rates.
Customers who are already on the SCO don't have to do a thing. You continue to get the SCO unless you choose your own provider for a fixed rate or a variable rate from another marketer or through an aggregation, which is a government bulk-buying group.
Every year in April, Dominion randomly re-assigns the winning bidders in the auction to customers, so you may see a new name on your bill next to the SCO, but it should make no difference to you. The winning bidders for the SCO for 2019 are: United Energy, DTE Gas Supply, Direct Energy and Titan Gas. Additional suppliers may also decide they want to be SCO providers, so there may be a few other names on your bills. Just look for the SCO letters.
Pull out your bill; do a checkup
While I know a lot of readers have followed me in choosing the SCO and are saving money, there are a lot of people who haven’t gotten around to it.
I totally get it. I’m a working mother of two teens and we are constantly on the run. Heck, if I didn’t keep track of natural gas prices for a living, maybe I wouldn’t have gotten around to pulling out my bill.
But it could be costing you a lot of extra money, so it’s worth a quick review.
In April 2016, I wrote a column filled with statistics showing that Ohio consumers were overpaying for their natural gas by millions of dollars because they hadn’t updated their choices or adequately shopped.
So while like I feel like a broken record, or a nagging and concerned wife, it’s time for you to pull out your gas bill and make sure you’re getting the best deal or to confirm that what you think you are signed up for is really what you are getting.
Often I get people thanking me after they finally got around to pulling that bill out, only to be shocked by the prices they really were paying because they let life get in the way. I had an email exchange with a reader who said she knew she should be on the SCO, based on reading my columns, and thought she was. But after we investigated with Dominion, she had called to cancel her community aggregation rate with that gas company, which sent the cancellation notice to Dominion. But she never called Dominion directly to tell them she wanted the SCO and she ended up with a rate called the Monthly Variable Rate (MVR), which can be much higher and is not regulated. (Read here for a column I wrote in May 2018 about a current push to eliminate the MVR and why you should care.)
So go grab your bill and let’s walk through what you need to do.
And as I’ve said before: If you make a different decision than me, I’m not going to be hurt. Some people like to find a fixed rate that they think is fair with a low cancellation fee and forget about it.
What is the SCO?
The SCO, a monthly rate determined by a state-approved formula, is determined by using the closing price on the third to last day of the previous month on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) plus an “adder,” which is determined every April in a supplier auction. In a February 2019 auction, the adder came in at 22 cents/mcf.
In the last year, the SCO has ranged from a low of $2.64/mcf (March 2018) and a high of $4.79/mcf (December 2018 for a temporary increase that went down the next month to $3.72/mcf)
Here’s the latest SCO price:
Dominion Energy Ohio’s monthly natural gas price for residential customers who are on the Standard Choice Offer (SCO) is going down for July.
The SCO price, effective July 16, when rounded to the nearest cent is $2.51 per thousand cubic feet (mcf).
The July rate is 34 cents or 12 percent lower than the June rate of $2.85/mcf. It is 56 cents or 18.2 percent lower than the price a year ago last July of $3.07/mcf.
All customers pay a basic monthly charge, which is $29.57, as well as a usage-based charge to transport the gas to the home, and gross-receipts tax, regardless of whether they choose their own provider, choose the SCO, other Dominion rate, or participate in a government aggregation. That price is 40 cents per mcf.
The utility estimates the average residential customer’s bill for the month of July will be $36.47, up $0.52, or 1.4 percent, from $35.95 in July 2018. That is because of some increases in usage-based charges since last year.
I continue to recommend the SCO. Prices have continued to beat fixed-rate prices offered by marketers and are still quite low.
Here’s some historical prices for the last several years: June 2019: $2.85/mcf; May 2019: $2.79/mcf; April 2019: $2.93/mcf; March 2019: $2.93/mcf; February 2019: $3.02/mcf; January 2019: $3.71/mcf; December 2018: $4.79/mcf; November 2018: $3.26/mcf; October 2018: $3.09/mcf; September 2018: $2.97/mcf; August 2018: $2.89/mcf; July 2018: $3.07/mcf; June 2018: $2.95/mcf; May 2018: $2.89/mcf; April 2018: $2.76/mcf; March 2018: $2.64/mcf; February 2018: $3.64/mcf; January 2018: $2.74/mcf; December 2017: $3.07/mcf; November 2017: $2.75/mcf; October 2017: $2.97/mcf; September 2017: $2.96/mcf; August 2017: $2.97/mcf; July 2017: $3.07/mcf; June 2017: $3.24/mcf; May 2017: $3.14/mcf; April 2017: $3.18/mcf; March 2017: $2.58/mcf; February 2017: $3.34/mcf; January 2017: $3.88/mcf, December 2016: $3.18/mcf, November: $2.71/mcf, October $2.90/mcf, September $2.80/mcf, August $2.62/mcf, July $2.87/mcf, June $1.91/mcf, May $1.95/mcf, April $1.85/mcf, March $1.73/mcf, February $2.21/mcf, January $2.39/mcf, December 2015 $2.23, November 2015 $2.05/mcf
(If you live in the Columbia Gas territory, your pricing structures are different, but the principles are the same and the SCO would also be my choice.) When I consulted with Jeff Murphy, Dominion East Ohio vice president and general manager, he said he often will take a look at the NYMEX futures prices for the upcoming winter and come up with an average to use as a “marker” when looking at fixed rates.
What about other charges on my bill?
All customers pay a rate for natural gas (the SCO, if that's what you choose, or another rate if you choose your own or go with an aggregation. All customers also pay charges directly to Dominion as the utility: the basic monthly charge and the usage-based charge to transport the gas to the home, and gross-receipts tax, regardless of whether they choose their own provider, choose the SCO, other Dominion rate, or participate in a government aggregation.
Newly reflected in bills after May 15 will be an increase of $1.43 on the fixed basic monthly charge. The charge was $28.14 and will be $29.57 per month.
That basic monthly charge is made up of three components, some of which have gone up and down, all approved by the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio ( PUCO):
A Basic Service Charge of $17.58, which covers the fixed costs of delivering gas to their homes.
A Pipeline Infrastructure Replacement Cost Recovery Charge of $11.74 per month, up from the previous $10.23 per month. This funds a massive 25-year pipeline replacement plan, which began in 2008. The PUCO approved the incremental fee increase over a five-year period in a 2016 decision. The increases began in 2018 bills.
An Automated Meter Reading Cost Recovery Charge of $0.25 per month, down from the previous $0.33 per month.
Effective May 15, 201 the usage-based charge will decrease. It is going down by 5 cents/mcf, rounded to the nearest cent, to 40 cents/mcf from 45 cents/mcf.
The usage-based charge is made up of several parts and the one for the migration rider, which recovers the costs to Dominion of balancing deliveries of gas to Dominion's system and customers' actual consumption, is going down.
How do I know if I’m already on the SCO?
Pull out your Dominion bill.
You are looking for the price you pay, which is close to the MCF usage on your bill. Bills vary, but look on the left-hand column above “total current charges” for the correct section.
If your bill has the letters “SCO” next to a supplier, you are good to go and you don’t have to do anything. As long as the bill says SCO, the supplier itself doesn’t matter. Every year in April, Dominion randomly re-assigns the winning bidders in the auction to customers, so you may see a new name on your bill next to the SCO, but it should make no difference to you.
You will continue to get the SCO unless you choose your own provider for a fixed rate or a variable rate from another marketer or through an aggregation, which is a government bulk-buying group.
You can also use an educational website Dominion has set up, www.tinyurl.com/domeducate, with pictures of sample bills, to help you find where your supplier costs are.
How do I get the SCO?
As you spot-check your bill, if you are still on a fixed rate, or higher than the SCO, find out how much time is left on your contract and if there is a cancellation fee. Some fees can be hefty — but you likely will save — if your rate is high.
The average household uses about 100 mcf of gas a year. Take the difference between prices and multiply by 100 to see the savings.
To switch to the SCO, call Dominion at 800-362-7557 from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. Monday through Friday. Mondays tend to be the among the busiest days, so perhaps pick a different day to call.
Tell Dominion you want to cancel your current provider and switch. You have to specifically ask for the SCO, or Dominion will move you to the nonregulated MVR by the third month instead of the SCO, which you don’t want because they are those unregulated variable rates.
It will take up to two billing cycles to switch to what is called an “SSO” (the same price as the SCO). If by the third month, you see “MVR” instead of “SCO,” call Dominion.
During the time you have the SSO, don’t worry that the price looks higher.
Despite my advocating for Dominion to change their bill, it does not give you a separate line item for delivery charges, so that SSO price includes both the SCO and delivery charges, which everyone pays. In small print, it will list the SCO price. One note: a PUCO change a few years ago means nonresidential customers are no longer eligible for the SCO and must choose their own provider or pay the MVR. You can read below for your choices if you're a small nonresidential customer.
What if I just want a fixed rate?
That’s up to you. I understand that some people just want that stability, even if they know that might mean they pay a little more or less (depending on the SCO pricing and market) for peace of mind.
You can research fixed and variable rates on the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio’s Apples to Apples chart, www.energychoice.ohio.gov or 800-686-7826. Make sure you choose “Dominion East Ohio” for your territory.
Some of the monthly variable prices sometimes look competitive to the SCO, but keep in mind most of the marketers don’t have a formula they will share, so their prices could swing or they could offer a cheap price one month and high the next. They also may have a lag and are reporting last month’s rate. Read this column I wrote about some people who thought they were getting a good variable price, but it turns out they weren't. I also tell readers who call me about a "great" fixed rate for say, six months to a year, that they just need to be careful if they take it, that they keep track of when the contract ends and what the rate will be after. Too often, I talk to readers who have gotten a great rate and then life happens and when they check their rate a year or so later, they find out they have been overpaying because after their original contract ended, they got moved to an unregulated variable rate.
I did crunch some numbers and utilized an archive website that let me look up those NYMEX futures prices from previous years. I then took the average winter price, adjusted it with the “adder” at the time, and compared it to the SCO prices for every year since 2012.
In looking at four year’s of winter data, 2012 through 2015, the average SCO beat the average adjusted futures price three out of the four years. It beat it by 83 cents in winter of 2015, 62 cents in 2014 and 66 cents in 2012. In 2013, the SCO was 20 cents higher than the adjusted futures average, but that’s still not too bad, in my opinion.
Murphy with Dominion said it’s important to remember that the Nymex is just an indicator of what the market believes prices will be. “Variables like weather, storage inventories, use of natural gas for power generation and the like will inevitably cause actual prices to differ from those Nymex projections.”
Prices look to be moderate by historical standards, both with the SCO and fixed prices, he said.
In some ways, we’ve gotten spoiled with these low prices because we forget that there were many years when we thought a $9.99/mcf or even a $12/mcf price was cheap while other prices soared to $16/mcf.
Since none of us have that crystal ball to know exactly what will happen with prices, I can’t give you the slam-dunk answer. But what I can tell you is that the difference in our bills if you stick with the SCO, like me, or take a fixed rate, is pretty minimal, so we are not talking about hundreds of dollars difference.
Where there may be hundreds of dollars of difference is if you are still stuck on a high fixed rate that you never got around to checking on or if you are with a marketer’s own variable rate, which can sometimes be quite high.
What about aggregations?
I’ve written a lot about aggregations, or bulk-buying via communities, but there still seems to be confusion about them. Community officials created aggregation groups in the early 2000s, after voters passed ballot measures allowing the groups to be formed. Officials have told me over the years that they do their best to get the best price, but there’s no guarantee that the price is the best or will beat what you can get on your own, or lately with the SCO. Aggregations automatically include community members who haven’t actively chosen their own fixed rate or variable rate supplier. For those of us on the SCO, though we’ve “chosen” that, for aggregation purposes, we’re still included in the aggregations, unless we opt-out, so make sure you don’t ignore those notices.
If you inadvertently get switched to an aggregation, call Dominion and say you want to switch back, but you will have to go through the process to switch and remember, you must request the SCO. Aggregation contracts typically don’t have cancellation fees, so you can always join — and if the SCO continues to beat it, you can leave.
Aggregations are on different cycles, but many renew in the fall.
I have not seen competitive rates that beat the SCO via most community aggregations, so I usually suggest that you opt-out.
Two exceptions for an area aggregation plan worth considering are the City of Akron's natural gas plan, which was announced in January 2019. Here's my column explaining my opinion on that.
Also, another is NOPEC, or the Northeast Ohio Public Energy Council. The consortium of about 230 governments with nearly 500,000 electricity customers and more than 400,000 natural gas customers has mostly included northern Summit County and Portage County in our area.
Summit County townships and the city of New Franklin joined NOPEC beginning in October 2017. The newest community to join NOPEC is Cuyahoga Falls in early 2018. (Summit County’s aggregation contract is not for other communities in the county; most have their own aggregations).
A reminder about how aggregations work: Unless you have specifically chosen a marketer on your own, say for a fixed or variable rate (the SCO doesn’t count), then you will receive a letter and you will automatically be included in the aggregation, unless you opt out by mail or a phone call.
While those of us on the SCO actively chose it, you will still be included in a community aggregation, unless you permanently opt-out (instructions are below.)
Back to NOPEC and here’s where it gets a little confusing.
NOPEC usually offers two programs to its natural gas customers: what it calls its “Program Price,” which is typically competitive with the market and can change anywhere from monthly to every 60 days or so.
It also offers a variable price that is guaranteed to be 2 cents/mcf below the SCO. NOPEC customers automatically get the “program price,” unless they specifically call for the 2-cent-below plan. A note about that plan: while it beats the SCO by 2 cents and that’s good, given the cheap prices of the SCO, the average residential customer uses 100 mcf a year, so we’re talking about a $2 a year savings. So don’t lose any sleep over this.
NOPEC natural gas “program price” customers in the Dominion territory changes. For the most up-to-date rates, go to www.nopec.org. The rate in the fall of 2018 was $3.39/mcf fixed. It was $3.75/mcf in October and November and $4.99 since December (because of the unusual market price spike at the end of November. The mid January to February 2019 price was $4.49. The price for April and May 2019 is $3.99. NOPEC customers also have access to the 2-cent-below the SCO price, but you must request it.
In my opinion, either of NOPEC’s options is fine. I’d prefer the 2-cent-below the SCO, but that selection does not stay forever. According to NOPEC, the choice is good through the anniversary term – which is as long as the full two years for gas and three for electric. When your anniversary date comes up, you will receive another opt-out notice and if you want the variable rate again, you must call to re-enroll in Option 2 or the 2-cent-below rate. Otherwise you will get the program rate if you do not contact NOPEC.
NOPEC also has separate electric rates for participating communities (not all natural gas NOPEC communities are electric). Again, to find the most up-to-date rates, go to www.nopec.org. As of April 2019, the electricity rates are 6.330/kwh for its program price for Ohio Edison customers in the aggregation and 4.921/kwh for those who chose the variable program, which is 6 percent off the "price to compare."
NOPEC Executive Director Chuck Keiper said the options are available for people to decide. The program price is sometimes slightly bove or below the SCO for natural gas.
“Our strategy is always to keep people in the bottom 3 to 5 percent of the market,” he said. “If you don’t mind watching (the market)…then you want the guaranteed 2-cents-below option.”
Most people choose the program price, Keiper said. “Most people want to take their hands off the wheel,” he said.
Also, NOPEC has separate aggregation groups for electricity and natural gas. Summit County customers are still on an aggregation plan with FirstEnergy Solutions for electricity and Cuyahoga Falls has its own municipal electric company.
Information about NOPEC or pricing can be found at www.nopec.org or by calling 855-667-3201.
Permanently opting out
Customers on the SCO or those who don’t have their own contract with a natural gas provider are automatically included on lists Dominion is required to share with retail marketers and aggregation groups. If you don’t want on those lists, opt out through Dominion. Go online to https://www.dominionenergy.com/home-and-small-business/energy-choice/eligible-customer-list, call 800-362-7557 or write Dominion at Box 5759, Cleveland, OH 44101-0759.
Tell them you want to get off the "Eligible Customer List."
I’ve done this so that I don’t accidentally get grouped into my community’s aggregation contract, if I happen to miss the opt-out notice in the mail.
This doesn’t mean all gas offers by mail will end. I still get some offers, likely because I’m still on some mailing lists as a former customer.
Budget billing explained
Budget billing is an option offered to give customers a way to have consistent payments by estimating usage based on normal weather, historical consumption and the customer’s rate at the time of enrollment or during the annual review in May. A review is also conducted in November to make any necessary adjustments to minimize large over-or underpayments for the annual true-up in May.
It’s a way for customers to spread out the costs of their heating bill over the course of a year where they will be paying the same amount year-round instead of paying the high actual costs during the winter. It also means that during the summer months when very little natural gas is being used, you’re paying a higher amount.
I have been using budget billing for years and find it very helpful so I don’t get huge swings in my bills during the winter heating months. Plus, for the last several years with SCO rates being so low, my budget bill amounts have been incredibly low. In fact, this year, I went four months this summer not having to pay anything since I had a balance and now my budget has been adjusted to just under $50 a month.
Dominion has put together a really helpful handout explaining a few scenarios for changes in budget billing and you can find that in the box that appears with this column labeled “Dominion East Ohio Budget Billing Explanation 2016.”
What about nonresidential, nonprofit, church or small-business accounts?
If you are a small business or nonresidential account, such as a church, the state eliminated the SCO choice for you in 2013.
The PUCO allowed Dominion to eliminate the SCO for commercial or nonresidential customers. Consumer advocates at the time said removing the benchmark was unfair, and the system wasn’t broken. Dominion officials said the market could become more competitive if the SCO wasn’t available to commercial customers.
For those customers who can’t get the SCO, you are getting a Monthly Variable Rate (MVR), which is a non-regulated monthly variable if you haven’t made your own choice. MVR rates can be high, since there are no regulations, so keep an eye on them.
There is no site where you can compare the MVR or nonresidential rates but you can use the PUCO’s chart at www.energychoice.ohio.gov as a starting point to see residential prices and phone numbers to consider what companies to call and ask for their nonresidential rates.
Another option is to check with an association, such as your church denomination, regional conference, or other small group, to see if they have created an aggregation group or bulk buying group to save on utilities. Some church denominations participate in aggregations. If you do choose a variable, since wholesale rates are cheap now, know that most companies don’t share how they determine their variable rates, so you’ll have to keep an eye on them.
If you don’t want to do that, or need some stability for your budget given the lack of transparency with the SCO pricing, then consider finding a fixed rate with a cancellation fee your organization can live with (or just stick with it for the contract term length) or try the MVR and keep an eye on the pricing, though that’s tougher.
What about electric?
People often ask about my advice for electricity offers. It’s not as simple as the SCO and natural gas. You can shop around at www.energychoice.ohio.gov and look for a fixed rate, comparing it to your “price to compare” on your bill, an individualized number that you would save if you switch based on your usage. If you switch, watch contract lengths, price and cancellation fees.
Most communities are under an aggregation with Akron-based FirstEnergy Solutions. In the fall of 2018, FirstEnergy Solutions (FES), which separated from FirstEnergy Corp. and was seeking bankruptcy protection, had reached an agreement with Constellation to take the contracts and customers would see no change. In December, FES exercised its option to terminate the Constellation deal and continues to honor all contracts, the company said. The company is working on emerging from bankruptcy. If you have questions about your contract, call 888-254-6359.
If you are with a NOPEC aggregation, take a look at the information I included above.
Again, for those of you who want to shop around for a new provider, choosing an electricity provider is not as simple as a gas provider. You can see competitive offers at www.energychoice.ohio.gov.
There are often calls or offers that marketers send to your house offering a free month of electricity or saying they're cheaper than the utility. Make sure you're doing your proper research. Often, their prices are not cheaper, even with one month free.
Also, remember that only about 55 percent of an electric bill, called the generation portion, is “shoppable” for customers looking for the best rate. The other 45 percent is set by regulators and cannot change.
Most communities are on that FirstEnergy Solutions contract getting 6 percent off your “price to compare” with a $25 cancellation fee.
Consumer columnist Betty Lin-Fisher can be reached at 330-996-3724 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Follow her @blinfisherABJ on Twitter or www.facebook.com/BettyLinFisherABJ and see all her stories at www.ohio.com/betty