COLUMBUS — The Ohio House on Wednesday passed the biggest overhaul of the state's energy laws in a decade, adopting a bill that shores up the state's two financially struggling nuclear power plants and two coal-fired plants while gutting programs that promote renewable energy and energy efficiency.

The bill, approved 53-43, would raise nearly $200 million a year by imposing a fee on electricity consumers, primarily to support FirstEnergy Solutions, the owner of the ailing Davis-Besse and Perry nuclear plants along Lake Erie. Without help, the company, spun off by Akron-based FirstEnergy, said the plants will close within two years.

The legislation also would put into law fees that ratepayers already are being assessed to support two old, coal-fired plants, one in Ohio and one in Indiana.

Backers say consumers actually will save money with the elimination of charges for energy efficiency and renewable energy, but opponents say without the charges consumers will pay more in the long run because demand for electricity, along with prices, would climb.

Debate on the House floor was mostly about whether the state should be imposing subsidies that benefit a particular business and about the nuclear plants being the biggest source of carbon dioxide-free electricity in the state.

Representatives turned back several amendments meant to keep the energy efficiency and renewable programs in place.

Pressure to support the bill was intense, and came from far and wide.

For example, a multimillion-dollar television, radio and mail campaign was launched across the state, while local public officials and a cadre of industry lobbyists pushed for the bill. Democrats were pressed by a variety of trade unions. Republicans were contacted by officials including U.S. Rep. Steve Stivers, R-Upper Arlington, Gov. Mike DeWine, and Bob Paduchik, President Donald Trump's top campaign leader in Ohio and former co-chairman of the Republican National Committee.

The bill now goes to the Senate, which will begin hearings next week. FirstEnergy Solutions says it needs approval by June 30. If that's the case, “We’re probably going to have to separate things out and go with that issue first, and put everything else into a more deliberate bill that we’ll look at over time,” said Sen. Steve Wilson, R-Maineville, the energy committee chairman.

Ten Democrats supported the bill, including Rep. Richard Brown, D-Canal Winchester, the only Franklin County lawmaker to vote yes. Meanwhile, 17 Republicans voted no, including Rep. Ryan Smith, R-Bidwell, who said the legislation would hand $150 million to a single company every year, more than the entire annual fund used to support the state's economic-development efforts through JobsOhio.

"We should stay out of competitive markets. We should allow competitive markets to work," he said.

Proponents say the bill would save consumers money.

"It's a bailout for ratepayers," said Rep. Bill Seitz, R-Cincinnati. "We're bailing [out] ratepayers, and the ratepayers are our constituents."

FirstEnergy Solutions applauded the House vote.

"This bill provides an effective legislative solution to keep FES’s nuclear power plants open for many years to come, while preserving 4,300 highly skilled jobs and an important revenue source," the company said. "Until the Senate vote, FES will continue to engage in a constructive dialogue with legislators about the need to protect 90% of the state’s zero-emissions electricity and provide the majority of Ohioans considerable savings on their electricity bills."

Under the bill, consumers would pay 50 cents a month on their utility bills, with the fee rising to $1 a month in 2021 for six years to create the Ohio Clean Air Program.

Other utilities figure to benefit as well, including American Electric Power. Those companies with long-term contracts to comply with renewable energy standards would be able to apply for funding to recover the cost of those contracts currently in place.

The bill also could make it tough for wind projects to proceed by allowing a referendum in townships where companies want to locate turbines.

The coal company that would receive the additional funding, Ohio Valley Electric, is owned by the state's major utilities. It operates the Kyger Creek plant in Cheshire in southern Ohio, which went online in 1955 and can generate about 1,100 megawatts, and Clifty Creek in Madison, Indiana, also started in 1955 and with a capacity of about 1,300 megawatts.

The revised version of the bill would formalize a current billing practice. If the plants sell electricity at a cost below what it takes to produce, AEP and the other utilities would be allowed to recover that cost from customers. If the plants sell electricity at a profit, customers would get a credit on their bill.

The bill would cap the monthly fee at $2.50 for residential customers. The provision would run through 2030.